Leib ICT : Information & Communication Technologies

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  • USSD - Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
  • The Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) is a communication technology used to send text between a GSM cell phone and an application program in the network; it is mostly used to query information and trigger services, providing an exciting end-user experience, over almost any handset screen. [+]
  • LBS - Location Based Services
  • Mobile messaging protocols like USSD and SMS are combined with the location information for creating various LBS applications such as location-based mobile advertising. [+]
  • SMS - Short Message Service
  • Short Message Service (SMS) is a popular communications protocol allowing mobile-to-mobile text messages interchange at low cost, though the standard supports other types of broadcast messaging. [+]
  • CAMEL - Customized Application of Mobile network Enhanced Logic
  • Customized Application of Mobile network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) is a set of ETSI standards for extending landline intelligent network (IN) telephone services to the data services of GSM, GPRS and UMTS mobile systems. CAMEL functions are: basic features such as call waiting and call forwarding (added in Phase 1), support for prepaid calling and unstructured supplementary service data (see USSD), added in Phase 2, multimedia services in roaming (Phase 4) and seamless prepaid roaming in Phase 5. [+]
  • Core Services
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